PHOSPHATE BASICS

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  • Single superphosphate (SSP)

  • Triple superphosphate (TSP)

  • Diammonium phosphate (DAP)

  • Monoammonium phosphate (MAP)

  • Direct Ship Ore (DSO)

PHOSPHATE BASICS

Phosphorous, which is derived from phosphate rock, is a key element of all life forms.  The phosphate industry and the fertilizers it produces are essential to maintain global food security.

ABOUT PHOSPHATE

KEY ELEMENT FOR GLOBAL FOOD SUPPLY

Soil fertility is created by the natural components of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium. However, the fertility and availability of arable land for crop growth has decreased substantially due to the pressures from higher production requirements to meet global crop demand. Between the years of 1985- 2000, an alarming 285 million acres of the available 1500 million acres of arable land was lost. Before this time period, agriculture production did not call for inputs of natural elements. To counteract the devastating drop of rich soil, it has become necessary to add various amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium through fertilization to improve productivity.

 

The fertilizer manufacturing process varies depending on the type of fertilizer being produced. Falcon Isle Resources focuses on providing high quality phosphate ore that can be utilized and adapted to a wide variety of fertilizers.  The variety of fertilizers is distinguished by the solubility of phosphorous in the mixture. The legal definition of available phosphorus in fertilizer is the sum of the phosphorus that is soluble in water plus that which is soluble in a citrate solution. The types of phosphate fertilizers include:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commercial phosphate fertilizer manufacturers usually require that the phosphate rock concentrate they are using to make fertilizers has a P2O5 grade of about 28% or greater.  When phosphate deposits have a grade below that level, the ore that is extracted from the deposits needs to be upgraded into a phosphate rock concentrate. The upgrading process, known as beneficiation, usually involves crushing, screening, washing, separation, flotation and concentration. Phosphate rock grades are indicated as percent P2O5, but also may be referred to as percent BPL (Bone Phosphate of Lime).

 

Phosphorous, which is derived from phosphate rock, is a key element of all life forms. 

The phosphate industry and the fertilizers it produces are essential

to maintain global food security.

 

Phosphorous is a key element for all forms of life. It is vital for human health, growth and sustaining the ecosystem. Phosphorous plays an important role in converting the sun's energy into food, fuel and fibbers and is one of the major plant nutrients in soil. The proof of the power and necessity behind phosphate is in its contribution to photosynthesis, cell division and growth, metabolism of sugar, transfer of genetic information and energy storage; all of which are factors in crop development. 

 

 

Phosphate rock is the only resource of phosphorous and is found in sedimentary (80%) and igneous (20%) deposits that are rich in phosphate bearing minerals. These phosphorous minerals are a primary constituent in fertilizer along with nitrogen and potassium. As shown in the graph below, 86 percent of phosphate rock is consumed in the production of fertilizers used for food crops. An additional seven percent is used in nutritious livestock feed supplement, and the remaining six percent is used for pesticides, water treated chemicals and detergents. Because phosphate from mineral deposits is the only source of phosphate used in the manufacture of fertilizers, extraction and development of phosphorous ore is crucial for maintaining the global food supply.